These artworks all move beyond the use of traditional materials of brush and paint. Here the ‘paint’ used in the Continuing Ellipse series was made from burning the handwritten and typed text on paper. The ash was reconstituted into various forms of paint, where the palette referenced traditional calligraphic materials. Traditionally the ink is made from burning soot and therefore the range of hue are literally the shades of smoke.
In What Fires Together, Wires Together, there is a creation of paint from mixing various charcoal with a clear binder, thus making a unique quality of marking medium. Similarly, the application was all done by hand. Removing the layer of brush bristles adds a unique and unusual surface quality that further enhances the paintings surface.